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Top Programming Languages: 2014

Top Programming Languages: 2014

Following is a summary of programming languages that are the most widely used in industry today, and the training that HOTT offers for each. The list includes both interpreted and compiled languages and is primarily based off their popularity via the TIOBE Community Index and the number of job openings available for each. Since multiple criteria contribute to the importance of each programming language, they are listed in no particular order.

C Programming

C is one of the most commonly used programming languages, and can be used across almost all platforms. It’s particularly useful to know C because it provides a foundation of knowledge applicable to other popular languages such as C++, C#, Java, JavaScript and Python. Compact, run-time efficient and highly standardized, it is commonly used in embedded hardware programming, systems programming, and open source software.


C++

C++ is a powerful object-oriented language extending the core syntax of the C programming language. C++ provides programmers a great deal of control and flexibility but along with that comes a certain amount of syntactical complexity. Still going strong after 40 years of adoption in industry, it’s widely used in developing systems software, large applications, server software and video games.


Java™

Java is an object-oriented programming language designed to be portable across multiple software platforms. Java runs on a virtual machine, which means the code can be run on any operating system that supports the virtual machine. It serves as a core development platform for client-server applications and the Android operating system. A wide variety of Java-based programming libraries and frameworks exist to support enterprise application development. Job market openings indicate that experienced Java developers are in high demand.


SQL

Structured Query Language provides a standard syntax that is used to communicate with virtually any modern relational database. SQL is not used to solve algorithmic programming tasks; rather, it is normally used within an application to retrieve data from and store data to a database. Even when using database access frameworks that shield programmers from coding SQL syntax directly, knowledge of SQL is useful in architecting and understanding any database application.


JavaScript

JavaScript is a client-side and server-side scripting language that is used to provide dynamic content and make Web pages interactive. Its syntax was influenced by the C language. JavaScript code can be embedded directly into HTML source code for Web pages. The jQuery library is layered on top of JavaScript, so knowledge of JavaScript is fundamentally useful in understanding topics such as working with jQuery plugins and widgets.

JavaScript

jQuery


PHP

PHP is a scripting language that is designed primarily for Web and server-side application development. PHP scripts can run as stand alone programs and can also be embedded directly into HTML pages to provide dynamic capabilities, such as form processing. PHP can generate HTML code, images or some other type of data. PHP can also be used in combination with a database such as MySQL.


Python

Python is a server-side scripting language that is used for scripting applications, Website server side processing, and mobile applications. Some examples of Websites that are powered by Python are Google, YouTube, and Instagram. The syntax of Python is designed to be easier to learn and code in comparison to other scripting languages, and to provide for less runtime overhead. Python’s broad capabilities and relatively good runtime performance have propelled its popularity steadily upward in recent years. It can be used as a scripting vehicle and for almost any procedural programming task, but it also supports object oriented programming.


Objective-C

Objective-C is an object-oriented programming language derived from C. It’s used in Apple's OS X and iOS systems and has been used to write many of the surrounding APIs and frameworks. It’s been used for many years as the primary language for developing iPhone and iPad applications. Objective-C has been ported to multiple platforms but is primarily used by programmers on Apple’s systems. The new Swift language provides compatibility support so that Objective-C code and frameworks can continue to be utilized indefinitely.


Swift

Swift is a programming language from Apple that provides an updated approach to developing applications on OS X and iOS platforms including mobile devices such as iPhone and iPad. With a focus on both performance and high-functionality development tools, Swift is architected to be faster, more powerful and easier to code than the popular Objective-C. Swift is not part of the TIOBE ranking as of this writing, but will be starting in July, 2014.


Visual Basic.NET

Visual Basic.NET is an object-oriented programming language that utilizes Microsoft’s .NET architecture. It’s designed to be an extended and more object oriented version of the original Visual Basic language. Visual Basic.NET is supported by an interactive editing environment (Visual Studio) and numerous libraries and frameworks that make applications easier to develop. It’s used in a wide variety of Windows, Web, mobile, and cloud applications that run on the .NET Framework.

Introduction to Programming

ASP.NET Web Forms Programming

ASP.NET MVC Programming

Windows Forms Programming

Windows Presentation Foundation

WCF Programming

Advanced .NET Programming


C#

C# is a popular object-oriented language used to develop software for Microsoft Windows platforms including mobile devices. C# utilizes the same .NET architecture as VisualBasic.NET, but C# syntax is similar to Java. As with VisualBasic.NET, C# can be used to exploit the power of many frameworks provided to support large application development, including the MVC, WCF, ASP.NET, and WPF frameworks

Introduction to Programming

ASP.NET Web Forms Programming

ASP.NET MVC Programming

Windows Forms Programming

Windows Presentation Foundation

WCF Programming

Advanced .NET Programming

Test-Driven Development

Oracle and Java are registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.

iPad® and iPhone® are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.

Android is a trademark of Google Inc.

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